Understanding structure in IELTS Writing Task 1

It is important that candidates understand how descriptions in IELTS Writing Task 1 are structured. Have a look at this example:

The chart shows that Britain, among the four European countries listed, has spent most heavily on the range of consumer goods included. In every case, British spending is considerably higher than that of other counties; only in the case of tennis racquets does another country, Italy come close.

In contrast, Germany is generally the lowest spender. This is most evident in photographic film, where Germany spends much less than Britain. Germany only spends more than another country, France, in two cases: tennis racquets and perfumes.

Meanwhile, France and Italy generally maintain middle positions, averaging approximately similar spending overall. Specifically, France spends more on CDs and photographic film but less on tennis racquets than Italy does. Italy’s spending on personal stereos is only marginally greater than that of France, while spending on toys is equal between the two.

It is clear from the data given that there are some significant differences in spending habits in Europe.

Source: http://www.ielts-exam.net/academic_writing_samples_task_1/131/

Note how this answer is structured:

  • ideas are grouped together and arranged into paragraphs
  • notice the phrases to help make the structure clear
    • The chart shows that Britain … … …
    • In contrast, Germany … … …
    • Meanwhile, … … …
    • It is clear from the data … … …

Try to observe other examples of IELTS Writing Task 1 descriptions and see if you can also apply similar structures to your own writing.

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